What are the 11 Stock Market Sectors?

Any historical returns, expected returns, or probability projections are hypothetical in nature and may not reflect actual future performance. Account holdings are for illustrative purposes only and are not investment recommendations. Health care consists of medical supply companies, pharmaceutical companies, and scientific-based operations or services that aim to improve the human body or mind. Familiar names include Johnson & Johnson, a medical device and pharmaceutical company that owns Tylenol, and Abiomed, which manufactures medical implant devices.

11 sectors of the stock market

These are the following sectors that fall under the umbrella of the defensive sector. Investors can now simply select their sector of interest and find the list of companies that belong to the sectors. Check out ETFdb’sStock Exposuretool to view and download a list of all ETFs that can provide you with exposure to a specific stock. View a complete $5000 forex account bonus from united world capital limited list of consumer discretionary ETFs on our sister site ETF Database here. The material sector consists of mining, refining, forestry, chemical, and other related companies focused on discovering and developing raw materials. As these companies are at the beginning of the supply chain, they are also vulnerable to changes in the business cycle.

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According to 5 years of data to 2022, Celsius Holdings, Darling Ingredients, Estee Lauder, Costco, and Target are the best consumer defensive sector stocks to invest in. They all outperformed the S&P 500 index and had a 5-year return of 269% or better. The industry-standard stock classification system is the Global Industry Classification Standard . Using the GICS makes it easy for investors to find information about stocks and sectors.

  • The energy sector consists of oil and gas exploration and production companies, as well as integrated power firms, refineries and other operations.
  • “For investors, the sector-based approach avoids the risk of targeting an individual company” while still positioning themselves for growth in a broader industry.
  • You’ll also find retail companies that specialize in selling staples, such as supermarkets, in this group.
  • Some of the largest companies in the consumer staples sector are Procter & Gamble, Walmart, and Coca-Cola.

Some energy sector investors monitor events in the Middle East and other oil-producing regions. War and unrest in the Middle East have historically disrupted oil production, driving prices. However, in recent years, the continuous wars in Iraq, Syria, and Yemen have not affected oil prices. Oil and gas industry suppliers often make more money when oil prices are high. Companies buy more drilling rigs and exploration equipment to increase production and take high oil prices. However, the near-collapse of the traditional energy sector is leading to a surge in investment and capital inflows into Ethical, Social & Governance investing and ETFs.

In light of that, it’s helpful to know the market categorization for each sector. For instance, if you want to have exposure in specific areas of the economy, an exchange-traded fund may be a good place to start. An ETF is a basket of securities, shares of which are sold on the stock exchange. It has become incredibly popular for both active and passive investors alike. This sector covers companies involved in the different categories of technological innovation.

FAQs about stock market sectors

For example, the real estate sector was added to the list in 2016, signifying the rising profile of the residential and commercial property industry. Second, market sectors can be affected differently by market volatility and where the economy is in the business cycle. Financials and real estate, for example, may do better in the early stages of the business cycle versus the later stages. The energy sector comprises stocks that are involved in extracting, refining and transporting fossil fuels. Strangely, the sector does not include most renewable energy companies, which are generally considered either utilities or industrials. When you invest in the health care sector, you’re actually investing in a broad range of industries.

The more exciting part of the sector includes media, entertainment, and interactive media & services companies. Netflix Inc. and Walt Disney Co. are considered part of the communication services sector. Sector breakdowns help portfolio managers and investors determine the allocation of funds within a portfolio. If an investor wants to create a diversified portfolio, the portfolio should include stocks from a variety of sectors. For smaller investors seeking to create a diversified portfolio, they can easily do by investing in an index exchange-traded fund .

There are three stock market sectors that are given the status of the sensitive sector. Water, gas and electric utilities come in the defensive sector because their demand is always constant since people need them all the time. These are the basic requirements and humans can’t survive without these things which is why regardless of the market conditions, they give constant returns on investments. A stock market sector is a group of public companies that share similar business activities, products and services, or characteristics. Other kinds of real estate investments; include mortgage companies, real estate sales organizations, and organizations that sell property-related goods and services.

Real Estate: 2 industries

The industrials sector encompasses a wide range of different businesses that generally involve the use of heavy equipment. The information technology – IT – sector consists of companies that develop or distribute technological items or services, and includes internet companies. Technology products include computers, microprocessors, and operating systems.

  • Goldman Sachs CEO David Solomon claims his bank employs 9,000 engineers who make up one-third of its workforce.
  • It has backtesting, great charts, stock screening, and an active community of over 3 million people sharing ideas, plus a free plan available globally.
  • Telecommunication services providers, including both wireless telecom networks and providers of old-style landline services, make up one wing of the sector.
  • These companies mostly generate revenue tied to the price of crude oil, natural gas, and other commodities.

This sector covers companies that do business in the oil and natural gas industry. It includes oil and gas exploration and production companies, as well as producers of other consumable fuels like coal and ethanol. The energy sector also includes the related businesses that provide equipment, materials, and services to oil and gas producers. It doesn’t include renewable energy companies, which instead are considered utilities. Some of the more common industries in this sector include banking, mortgages, financial services, consumer finance, asset management, capital markets, financial exchanges, REITs, insurance, and more. When building a portfolio, you may be interested in one or more specific market sectors.

Stock Market Sectors: What Are They And How Many Are There?

Companies in the health care sector provide medical services, make medical equipment, research and produce pharmaceuticals, sell health insurance, and otherwise facilitate health care for individuals. Despite dips in the stock market over the past three years, health care sector gains outpaced those of the S&P 500. The communication services sector is the newest of the GICS sectors and includes a couple of major areas that used to be part of other sectors. Telecommunication services providers, including both wireless telecom networks and providers of old-style landline services, make up one wing of the sector.

The GICS system is revised from time to time, especially as industries grow and develop. Real estate companies and REITs were moved from the financials sector to their own separate sector in 2016. The move was due to the increasing growth and importance of real estate, especially equity REITs. GICS was developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor’s, two giants in the financial industry.

Stocks get categorized into sectors to make it easier to compare companies that have similar business models. Similarly, if you want to make the most out of the bullish market, you will turn towards the cyclical sectors and find a company that fits under its definition to invest in. The categorization of the stock market into 11 sectors has been done only to serve this purpose. As there are thousands of companies that are being traded publicly on a regular basis.

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The SPDR S&P Bank invests in giant banks like JPMorgan Chase and smaller institutions such as First Republic Bank . Interestingly, some of the financial world giants have still not recovered from the financial crisis in 2008. Household names such as Bank of America, Berkshire Hathaway, American Express, and Goldman Sachs Group have failed to keep up with the performance of the S&P 500. Warren Buffett likes the Financial Sector because it generates and accumulates enormous amounts of cash.

The five largest ETFs in the real-estate sector have failed to beat the market over 5 or 10 years. In fact, the sector as a whole cannot keep up with the performance of the S&P 500 or the NASDAQ 100. Stocks such as Copart , Cintas , CSX , Fastenal , and Global Payments have posted outstanding performance on both a 5-year and 10-year history against the S&P 500.

This sector has provided steady returns since 2017—and while it only showed modest growth in the first half of 2022, it was only one of four sectors to show growth at all. Businesses in this sector provide financial services to commercial and retail handbook on options trading ebook by dave foo customers. Generally, that includes brokerage firms along with companies involved in banking, money markets, mortgages, investing, and insurance. Between late 2020 and late 2021, this was one of the highest-performing sectors in the S&P 500 index.

Learn all about how the classification system that separates the stock market into 11 sectors can help investors understand the different sectors of the economy. The energy sector includes some of the largest energy companies in the world, such as Exxon Mobil and Chevron . If you are interested in a certain sector but forex, bullion and cfd broker are not ready to invest in a specific company within that sector, you can still participate in sector investing! Seek out lower-risk investments like ETFs and mutual funds that are specifically tied to a sector. Sector investing plays an increasingly important role in the strategies that we as investors use today.

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